Family Law Terminology You Had Better Know

Mar 28, 2023

Welcome to the Law Office of Stanley E. Robison, Jr, where we understand the importance of being informed about family law matters. As a trusted family law attorney, we believe it is crucial for individuals involved in legal proceedings to have a solid understanding of the terminology used in the field of family law.

1. Divorce

Divorce is the legal process by which a marriage is officially terminated. It involves the dissolution of marital ties, the division of assets and debts, and the determination of child custody, visitation rights, and child support.

2. Child Custody

Child custody refers to the legal rights and responsibilities of parents regarding the care, control, and maintenance of their children. It encompasses both physical custody (where the child lives) and legal custody (decision-making authority).

3. Alimony

Alimony, also known as spousal support or maintenance, is the financial support paid by one spouse to the other following a divorce or separation. Its purpose is to ensure that the recipient spouse can maintain a similar lifestyle to that enjoyed during the marriage.

4. Child Support

Child support is a court-ordered payment made by the non-custodial parent to the custodial parent for the financial support of their minor child or children. It covers expenses such as education, healthcare, and basic living costs.

5. Property Division

Property division refers to the process of dividing assets and debts between spouses during a divorce. It involves determining how to fairly distribute marital property, including real estate, bank accounts, investments, and personal belongings.

6. Prenuptial Agreement

A prenuptial agreement, also known as a prenup or premarital agreement, is a contract entered into by a couple before they get married or enter a civil partnership. It outlines the division of assets and potential financial arrangements in the event of a divorce or separation.

7. Domestic Violence

Domestic violence refers to any abusive behavior or violence that occurs within a domestic or family relationship. It can include physical, emotional, sexual, or economic abuse, and often involves a pattern of controlling and coercive behavior.

8. Paternity

Paternity refers to the legal determination of a child's biological father. Establishing paternity is important for purposes such as child custody, visitation rights, and child support obligations.

9. Adoption

Adoption is a legal process that establishes a legal parent-child relationship between individuals who are not biologically related. It grants the adoptive parents the same rights and responsibilities as biological parents.

10. Mediation

Mediation is a form of dispute resolution in which a neutral third party helps facilitate communication and negotiation between disputing parties. It can be an effective alternative to litigation in family law matters.

11. Guardianship

Guardianship refers to the legal relationship between a guardian and a ward, typically a minor or an incapacitated adult. It grants the guardian legal authority to make decisions on behalf of the ward.

12. Restraining Order

A restraining order, also called a protective order or an order of protection, is a court order that restricts an individual's contact with another person. It is often used to protect victims of domestic violence or harassment.

13. Emancipation

Emancipation is the legal process by which a minor child is granted the same legal rights and privileges as an adult. It typically involves the termination of parental rights and responsibilities for the emancipated minor.

14. Annulment

An annulment is a legal procedure that declares a marriage null and void, as if it never took place. It differs from divorce in that it treats the marriage as if it never legally existed.

15. Visitation Rights

Visitation rights refer to the rights of a non-custodial parent to spend time with their child or children. It outlines the schedule and conditions under which visitation can occur.

At the Law Office of Stanley E. Robison, Jr, we aim to provide comprehensive legal services and support to our clients in navigating the complexities of family law. By understanding the terminology associated with family law matters, you can make more informed decisions and better protect your rights and interests.

If you require legal assistance or have any questions regarding family law, please contact us to schedule a consultation with our experienced family law attorney.

Manoj Bhat
Great article! 📚 Important to know family law terms. 💼
Oct 7, 2023